英语早间课堂:A Chace in a Million

人生处处是风景,也处处是陷阱。努力使自己变得强大起来,当风雨来时才能够抵挡。

Good morning , my buddies. I’m so glad to meet you via network. I’m hoping that we could spend a wonderful morning together.大家好,我是Juliet, 很高兴又和大家在空中见面了。希望能和您在此度过一个美好的清晨。

仓鼠个性小程序

【直击主题】 This morning I’d like to talk about an idiom which can express little possibility of doing something. What’s it ? Let’s listen to a simple situation dialogue.

A : Do you thing you can get the project?

B : It’s a chance in a million. I hear John is interested in it. A : I see. After all , John is the boss’s son.

B : But, anyway, I will have a try .

【答疑解惑】

Okay, guys , have you spotted it? It is ” A CHANCE IN A MILLION”. “A chance in a million” 直译就是“一百万中的一次机会”,wow , a million一百万,才得到a chance, it’s really hard to get it and it’s really takes time. So the Chinese for it are : 很小的机会,微乎其微的机会,一丝机会,一种粗俗的说法还可以说成是:狗屎运。

【咬文嚼字】

What’s more, a chance in a million is an phrase belonging to a noun form. And in a million is preposition phrase which modifies “chance”. As we know, 既然是介词短语修饰限定了前面的名词,some people maybe think that ” a” should be changed to ” the”. Nope, do don’t think so for an idiom is a set expression from people’s life , which can’t be judged if it’s right or wrong in grammar rules sometimes. This is just what I want to emphasize. 这正是我要强调的一点,a chance in a million 中的 in a million 是介词短语,作后置定语,修饰前面的 chance, 照常理来说,就然有了修饰与限制,那么就应该定冠词 the, 而不是不定冠词 a. 但是我们要知道习语使人们在生活中的口头语言,很多是无法用语法规则去言论他的对错的。So it’s fine that we just keep it in our mind by rote : a change in a million.

【学以致用】

How should we use it? Since it’s a phrase of a noun form, verbs can be put in front of it as object . For example: HVE A CHANCE IN A MILLION which equals to have almost no chance or GIVE A CHANCE IN A MILLION. 意思是有个微乎其微的机会,给予很小的机会。Let’s look at example sentences. We haven’t a chance in a million of winning. 我们胜利的机会微乎其微。Political experts gave him little chance of winning the nomination, because most Democrats didn’t know him. 政治家说他赢得提名的机会很小,因为大部分的民主党人士不认识他。 Since it is a phrase of a noun form, it can be used as predicative. For example : It’s a million of chance.这是个千载难逢的机会。

【拓展视野】

Of course we have many ways to take place of ” a chance in a million ” . Let’s have a summary.

1 a poor chanceFor example: A chance of getting the job were por, so the young man felt gloomy about the future. 得到这份工作的机会很小, 所以这位青年人感到前途渺茫。

2 a slim chanceFor example: Her chance of success is slim. 她成功的机会很小。

3 little chance ( 备注: 这个短语前面不要加 a .)For example: On the face of things, Ms Menchú has little chance of winning. 从许多方面看,门楚夫人获胜的机会都很小。 4 little possibilityFor example: There’s little posibility of being the case or coming about. 还是有很小的机会存在或发生的。

5 The odds against somebody. For example: The odds are against us. 我们成功的机会很小。

【小题大作】

Let’s come to the dialogue study. Please listen to the recording and write down the key phrases. A : Do you thing you can get the project?

B : It’s a chance in a million. I hear John is interested in it. A : I see. After all , John is the boss’s son.

B : But, anyway, I will have a try . And now have you done. Let’s come to the phrase accumulation.

【日积月累】

1 get the project 得到这项工程做2 a chance in a million 极小的机会3 I see . 我明白了。

4 after all 毕竟5 have a try 试一试6 be interested in 对……感兴趣【口语句型】

1 I hear + 宾语从句 我听说……

2 Do you think + 宾语从句 你认为……怎样?

【会话翻译】

A: 你认为你能得到这个工程吗?

B : 机会很小,我听说John 对它很感兴趣。

A : 我知道了,毕竟John是老板的儿子。

B : 但是不论如何,我也要试一试看看。

All right , it’s time to say goodbye to you. Have a nice day . Thank you for your listening this time. See you next time. 好了,又要和大家在空中告别了,祝您有个愉快的一天,感谢您的这次收听,下次再会。

【温故知新】

【翻译练习】

1 Please translate the following sentence into English. All right , everyone have a try to translate the following sentences into English. 1 尽管巴斯曼夫人熟知这个情况,但她仍然认为自己的想法仍有百万分之一的可能性。 2 真是走狗屎运,他本该在那一天摔断了他的腿。

I’ll give you some tips which could help you do it. 1 第一句用个从属连词讲真个句子翻译为让步状语从句,从句中的关键短语是 “be acquainted with”, 主句用同位语从句进行翻译。

2 第二句要进行意译。真个句子上形式主语和主语从句进行,在从句中用上虚拟语气。

Let’s look at the answers:

1 Though Mrs Bussman was fully acquainted with this story, she thought that there was a chance in a million that she might be right.

2 It was a chance in a million that he should have broken his leg on that particular day.

2 请用不同的方式改写下面这句话。

If we have seen a black flower, it’s a chance in a million.

若我们见过黑花,那是百万分之一的机会。 Let’s look at the answers: It’s a poor chance in a million for us to see a black flower. We would get little chance of seeing a black flower.

There ‘s little possibility of seeing a black flower.

It’s a slim chance for us to see a black flower.

【口语练习】

1 Please translate the dialogue in Chinese into English orally.

A: 你认为你能得到这个工程吗?

B : 机会很小,我听说John 对它很感兴趣。

A : 我知道了,毕竟John是老板的儿子。

B : 但是不论如何,我也要试一试看看。

2 Please read the dialogue until you can blurt it out while listening to the recording.

【听力练习】

Please listen to the dialogue and make a dictation. A : Do you thing you can get the project?

B : It’s a chance in a million. I hear John is interested in it. A : I see. After all , John is the boss’s son.

B : But, anyway, I will have a try .

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